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The project focuses on six landscape units (UP) contrasted and represented in Catalonia, in addition to two in Italy, where the demonstration stands will be established..


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Maps of the landscapes units

LU Vall de Rialb

The visible structure of this unit comprises the depression of the Rialb drainage basin, which is covered by extensive, continuous vegetation. The northern part of the unit is a dense mountainous structure, mostly situated between the altitudes of 500 and 1,000 m, with an average slope of close to 30%.


This area is clearly forest, with few limitations for tree growth. The green of the pines is notable and the forest forms an almost continuous mantle interrupted only by the rocks that, in certain places, are very compact and form scarps. The main land use in the area is forestry, but this is not intensive and has slowed considerably.


LU Montmell

The Montmell range dominates the scenery and is the most characteristic element of the landscape. It comprises a group of mountain ranges and harsh limestone hills that ascend in altitude diagonally, from the southwest to the central part of the Unit, culminating in the north with the Talaia peak, at 861 m. The slopes are predominantly covered by shrubby vegetation and pine woodland, which together account for 89% of the total surface area within the Unit.



LU Aspres

The Aspres Unit includes a particularly extensive expanse of spontaneous vegetation, which covers 72% of its surface area. Within this zone, we should distinguish between the area corresponding to forest (32%) and that attributed to shrubland and meadows (38%).


To the west of the Llobregat river there is a fairly overwhelming domain of sclerophyllous forest, specifically cork oaks or mixed cork and holm oak forests. The undergrowth includes plants typical of holm oak forests, together with heliophytes that are able to grow thanks to the relatively light-rich environment afforded by the sparse canopies of the dominant trees.


Replans de Berguedà LU

In the Replans de Berguedà area the landscape consists of the intersection of steep relief formations to the north and minor sierras and terraced hills with gentle slopes to the south, forming an agroforestry mosaic mainly made up of pine trees, scrub, pastures and cereal crops.


Action will be taken in a 15 ha area on stands in post-fire regeneration and adult stands (P. sylvestris).


LU Capçaleres del Llobregat

The landscape of the Capçaleres del Llobregat stands out for its eminently mountainous and abrupt character, with significant limestone relief, in addition to the predominance of forest cover. The characteristic silhouette of the Pedraforca massif characterises this Unit.


69.2% is covered by forests, the result of the large number of mountains and ranges comprising it. Almost all the Catalan forest types are represented through its altitudinal evolution


LU Serres d’Ancosa

The Sierras de Ancosa are mainly characterised by low and medium-height mountain ranges oriented from the southwest to northeast. Shrubland, scrub and forest predominate, in addition to fields in the flatter areas.


The vegetation occupies a large part of the territory, some 71.55%. The majority of this is composed of Aleppo pine woodland, secondary forests that have taken over from holm oaks and sessile oaks, and which, generally, cover the slopes.